Rabu, 08 Juni 2011

Taman Nasional Kerinci Seblat

Kerinci Seblat National Park is the largest national park in Sumatra, Indonesia which has an area of 13.750 km ² and extends into four provinces including West Sumatra, Jambi, Bengkulu and South Sumatra. This national park is located at coordinates of 100 ° 31'18 "E - 102 ° 44'01" E and 1 ° 07'13 "S - 1 ° 26'14" S.

This national park consists of the Bukit Barisan Mountains which has the highest plateau region in Sumatra, Gunung Kerinci (3805 m). This national park also consists of springs, hot springs, wing swift rivers, caves, waterfalls, waterfalls and the highest caldera lake in Southeast Asia, Mount Seven.

This national park also has a diverse flora and fauna. About 4,000 species of plants grow in areas of national parks including the world's largest flower Rafflesia arnoldi, and the highest rates in the world, the Titan Arum. Fauna in the national park area comprising among others the Sumatran Tiger, Sumatran Rhinoceros, Sumatran Elephant, Clouded Tiger, Malay Tapir, Sun Bear and about 370 species of birds.

Rafflesia arnoldi

Padma giant (Rafflesia arnoldii) are obligate parasites of plants known for having very large flowers, even the largest flower in the world. He grew up in the network vines (lianas) Tetrastigma and has no leaves and is unable to photosynthesize. This plant endemic to Sumatra island, especially the southern part (Bengkulu, Jambi and South Sumatra). Kerinci Seblat National Park is the main conservation area of ​​this species. This species, together with the other members of the genus Rafflesia, threatened status due to massive deforestation. In Java patma grow only one type of parasite, Rafflesia patma.

Flowers are the parasites are not rooted, not leafy, and is not stemmed. While blooming flower diameter can reach 1 meter weighing about 11 kilograms. Flowers sucking inorganic and organic elements of the host plant Tetrastigma. The only part that can be called as "plant" is a network that grows on vines Tetrastigma. Flowers have five petals that surround the part that looks like the mouth of a barrel. At the bottom there's an interest such as barbed dish, containing the stamen or pistil flowers depending on gender, male or female. Animal pollinators are flies attracted by the stench of interest incurred. Interest only lived for about one week (5-7 days) and then wither and die. Very small percentage of fertilization, because the male flowers and female flowers are very rarely able to bloom together in a single week, if any flies that came to fertilize.

Sumatra tiger

Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) is only found on the island of Sumatra in Indonesia, is one of six sub-species of tigers that still survive today and are included in the classification of critical wildlife threatened with extinction (critically endangered) in the red list of endangered species is released IUCN World Conservation Institute. The wild population is estimated between 400-500 animals, especially living in national parks in Sumatra. Sophisticated genetic testing has revealed genetic markers unique, indicating that this subspecies may evolve into separate species, if managed sustainably. [2]

Destruction of habitat is the greatest threat to the population today. Logging continues even in the supposedly protected national parks. Recorded 66 tigers were killed between 1998 and 2000.

Sumatran rhino
Sumatran rhino (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis) is a member of the family Rhinocerotidae and one of the five rhino species. Rhino rhino is the smallest, has a height of about 120-145 centimeters, with a length of about 250 centimeters and weighs 500-800 pounds. Like the rhino species in Africa, rhino has two horns.

Macan dahan (Cloudeu leopard)

Clouded leopard or the scientific name Neofelis nebulosa is a kind of cat-sized, with body length is 95 cm. This species generally has a brownish-gray fur with a description such as clouds and black spots on his body. Black spots on his head are smaller and have white spots behind the ears. Clouded leopard has short legs with large feet and long tail with black stripes and spots. Similar female clouded leopard.

Regional distribution of clouded leopard is Southeast Asia, the lowland forests and mountains in the People's Republic of China, Indochina, Malay Peninsula, India, the island of Borneo and Sumatra. This species has been extinct in the wild in the Republic of China.

Clouded leopards are nocturnal animals that actively hunt at night. These animals spend much time in trees and can move swiftly through the trees.

Clouded leopards prey consists of various wild animals of various sizes such as monkeys, snakes, small mammals, birds, deer and bekantan. Clouded leopard using his tongue to clean the feathers before eating their prey.

Because the loss of forest habitat, the population continues to shrink and capture of wild fur continues to be taken, consumption, and traditional medicine in some countries, the clouded leopard species is evaluated as vulnerable on the IUCN Red List. The species is listed in CITES Appendix I.

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